Why is my basement leaking? Here is why written by: elder1 There are numerous reasons for the appearance of basement leaks. But no matter how different the reasons may be, they usually give you the same frustrating result. A basement leaking should not be ignored because it could ruin your house completely. It can destroy the most important part of your home which is the foundation that it stands on.
To arm yourself against basement leaks, take a gander at the causes of such misery in your home. Those who live in places that are wet the most part of the year should read on. The houses in these wet areas are the most vulnerable to leaking basements. So, why is my basement leaking? Here are the possible causes.
1. Surface Water
This is rainwater or any water that gets on the surfaces surrounding your home. So if your house is surrounded by soil that is sloping towards your home, then there is a reason to worry. Even water that lands on the pavement or driveway could find their way into your basement. They can pass through the cracks and flow towards your home.
2. Improper roof drainage
This means that instead of the gutters on your roof preventing the water from entering your house, they do the opposite thing. This problem starts during the construction of the house when the roof gutters are not placed correctly. Some roof drainage might even go as far as to deposit the water directly into the wall foundations. So even during construction, make it a point to tell your contractor to ensure the positions of the gutters. This can save you a lot of money in the future.
3. Poor grading of the foundation soil
Loosely compacted soil could also be another reason for basement leaks. Instead of being a guard against the water from entering your home, loose soil will just let them pass on through. This is a tough problem to handle because the loose soil might be underneath a driveway or pavement.
To stop the accumulation of water, you can use soil mixed with clay. This will help water flow away instead of absorbing into the ground. Small rivers are extremely dangerous as they flow towards the foundation of the home causing basement walls to become wet. You need to give a route to those rivers so that they take the water away from the foundation and keep your basement safe from the water penetration. Another important factor which causes wet basement is open joints between patios, driveways or walkways, etc. You are required to seal those joints with caulk to prevent water absorption. Also, you need to slope those areas well away from the foundation of the home.
Condensation can be one of that factors causing a leaky basement. Look for any signs of water after rain in your basement. If you don't find any water sign, then the problem can be condensation. Condensation is the process which occurs when warm air comes in contact with the cool walls of the basement. Due to this reaction, small drops are formed when warm air begins to cool, and those drops cause the wetness in the basement. Condensation can be due to many reasons. It can be due to showers, clotheslines or dryers (washing), etc. if you have a shower in your basement, it is suggested to use exhaust fan and keep all the vents open to ensure the free flow of the air. This will help to prevent the moisture build up in the air. Dehumidifiers should be used to avoid moisture. Dehumidifier tends to take away 100 pints of water per day. It can be very handy in case of a leaky basement.
5. Broken pipes
Frozen pipes tend to be among the major causes of a leaky basement during winter. Regular expansion of water in the pipes makes the pipes to crack. This leads to water spillage problems behind the walls or ceilings as soon as the pipes burst. You can speculate this if you wake up and find your water pipes without water. You can counter this if you heat up your basement well if you suppose a cold weather is on its way. Another alternative is purchasing a flexible PVC material tubing that cannot easily break when subjected to cold than go for copper plumbing pipes.